Artful Sentences Syntax As Style Download
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Besides her work on syntax and style, Tufte was notable for books and essays in two other areas of literary study and for a video biography. Her book The Poetry of Marriage: The Epithalamium in Europe and its Development in England (1970), a comprehensive history of the English epithalamium, grew from her doctoral research. She also made studies of artists as interpreters of John Milton's poems. Besides numerous essays and contributions to books in this field, some in collaboration with Wendy Furman-Adams of Whittier College, she wrote and produced a one-hour video biography of a literary illustrator Reaching for Paradise: The Life and Art of Carlotta Petrina (1994) that has appeared on educational television stations, is archived in college and university libraries, and is in use in classrooms.
Reviewed by: La Mesure des mots: microscopie du 'Livre I' des Fables de La Fontaine par Hervé Curat Michael Hawcroft La Mesure des mots: microscopie du 'Livre I' des Fables de La Fontaine. Par Hervé Curat. (Langue et cultures, 46.) Genève: Droz. 2015. 687 pp., ill. This book is a labour of love and one that specialists of La Fontaine should not ignore. It is a painstaking explication de texte, one by one, of each of the twenty-two poems in the first book of fables. 687 dense pages analyse in turn 623 lines of verse, 4336 words, 302 sentences, 6097 syllables. Hervé Curat is, by training, a specialist in linguistics, and this shows in some of his emphases and in aspects of his style. This said, his book is a serious contribution to the specifically literary appreciation of La Fontaine and has the very great virtue of engaging in a dialogue about particular points of analysis or interpretation with other recent scholars and of gently, but firmly, correcting them when the weight of evidence requires it. The author says that this kind of close reading might seem a little dated. In fact, it is thrillingly impressive to follow a scholar as he engages exhaustively and tirelessly in all those details that cumulatively make up an interpretation rather than skim over the surface, picking up only those elements that serve a particular argument. This book is a lesson in how to read. The Introduction explains the focal points of the analyses: etymology, lexis, morphology, phonetics, typography, stylistics, and syntax. Without being a study of sources, the analysis is also often tellingly attentive to these. The author comments in detail, too, on rhyme and rhythm, on punctuation, on intertextuality across the fables, and, where they exist, on manuscript versions. He shows circumspection in discussing aspects of sound, aware of the problems of knowing exactly how certain words might have been pronounced when the poems were read aloud in the seventeenth century. It would be fair to say that no new La Fontaine emerges from these pages. The image is still that of a poet hugely appreciative of diversity and surprise, and ever artful at appearing artless. But one's reading of many lines is considerably enhanced by patient attention to Curat's analyses. I had always been amused by the description of the ambitious frog of Fable 3 as a 'chétive pécore'. But laziness had prevented me from knowing the full range of connotations of each term (developed over two pages by Curat): 'chétif ' suggests 'trapped by one's own failings' and 'pécore', in addition to being an archaic term for an animal, connotes also a stupid or pretentious person, as well as (etymologically) a head of cattle (the very thing that the frog would like to be as big as). There is a downside. This is an extremely long book in which to analyse twenty-two short poems, and the author's style is relentlessly technical. It is also sometimes too poker-faced: he draws a comparison between speaking and eating in 'Le Corbeau et le renard', then carefully distinguishes between them, explaining that when we speak, words come out of the mouth, whereas [End Page 261] when we eat, food goes into the mouth. Notwithstanding, for the determined specialist, there are rich pickings in this vast compendium. 2b1af7f3a8